Program Planners’ Perspectives of Promotora Roles, Recruitment, and Selection

Seq ID: 582
DocID: Natl34
Authors: Koskan A, Messias D, Friedman D, Brandt H, Walsemann K
Year: 2013
State: NatDoc
Website link:
Publicly Available: Yes
Certification: CHW roles and scope of practice
Evidence Generation: Results from pilots or studies not published in formal literature, Surveys and assessment tools to define and develop workforce
Workforce Development: Training- Content/modes/delivery

Objective—Program planners work with promotoras (the Spanish term for female community health workers) to reduce health disparities among underserved populations. Based on the Role-Outcomes Linkage Evaluation Model for Community Health Workers (ROLES) conceptual model, we explored how program planners conceptualized the promotora role and the approaches and strategies they used to recruit, select, and sustain promotoras. Design—We conducted semi-structured, in-depth interviews with a purposive convenience sample of 24 program planners, program coordinators, promotora recruiters, research principal investigators, and other individuals who worked closely with promotoras on United States-based health programs for Hispanic women (ages 18 and older). Results—Planners conceptualized the promotora role based on their personal experiences and their understanding of the underlying philosophical tenets of the promotora approach. Recruitment and selection methods reflected planners’ conceptualizations and experiences of promotoras as paid staff or volunteers. Participants described a variety of program planning and implementation methods. They focused on sustainability of the programs, the intended health behavior changes or activities, and the individual promotoras. Conclusion—To strengthen health programs employing the promotora delivery model, job descriptions should delineate role expectations and boundaries and better guide promotora
evaluations. We suggest including additional components such as information on funding sources, program type and delivery, and sustainability outcomes to enhance the ROLES conceptual model. The expanded model can be used to guide program planners in the planning, implementing, and
evaluating of promotora health programs.

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