Integrating community health workers within Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act implementationSeq ID: 614
Authors: Islam N, Kapadia Nadkarni S, Zahn D, Skillman M, Kwon SC, Trinh-Shevrin C
Website link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4416641/pdf/nihms679837.pdf
Publicly Available: Yes
Evidence Generation: Documentation of how CHWs can work within care teams
Workforce Development: Recruiting and convening CHWs and stakeholders, Training- Content/modes/delivery
Context—The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act’s (PPACA) emphasis on community-based initiatives affords a unique opportunity to disseminate and scale up evidence-based community health worker (CHW) models that integrate CHWs within health care delivery teams and programs. Community health workers have unique access and local knowledge that can inform program development and evaluation, improve service delivery and care coordination, and expand health care access. As a member of the PPACA-defined health care workforce, CHWs have the potential to positively impact numerous programs and reduce costs.
Objective—This article discusses different strategies for integrating CHW models within PPACA implementation through facilitated enrollment strategies, patient-centered medical homes, coordination and expansion of health information technology (HIT) efforts, and also discusses payment options for such integration.
Results—Title V of the PPACA outlines a plan to improve access to and delivery of health care services for all individuals, particularly low-income, underserved, uninsured, minority, health disparity, and rural populations. Community health workers’ role as trusted community leaders can facilitate accurate data collection, program enrollment, and provision of culturally and linguistically appropriate, patient- and family-centered care. Because CHWs already support disease management and care coordination services, they will be critical to delivering and expanding patient-centered medical homes and Health Home services, especially for communities that suffer disproportionately from multiple chronic diseases. Community health workers’ unique expertise in conducting outreach make them well positioned to help enroll people in Medicaid or insurance offered by Health Benefit Exchanges. New payment models provide opportunities to fund and sustain CHWs.
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