To explore issues related to population health in rural America, the public virtual workshop Population Health in Rural America in 2020 was convened on June 24–25, 2020, by the Roundtable on Population Health Improvement of the Board on Population Health and Public Health Prac- tice of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The workshop was planned by a workshop planning committee composed of rural health experts representing public health, health care, and tribal health. Rural America is economically, socially, culturally, geographically, and demographically diverse. This multidimensional diversity presents complex challenges and unique opportunities related to delivering health care and improving health outcomes in rural communities. Divided into five sessions held over 2 days, the workshop featured invited presentations and discussion that focused on:

  • rural America in context,
  • rural health vital signs,
  • rural health care in action,
  • assessment and implementation strategies for improving the healthof rural populations, and
  • rural health policy.